Did you know that there is a stock index in which the largest companies in the Eurozone are listed? We’re talking about the EuroStoxx index (EuroStoxx 50), an index that serves as a thermometer of European economic health, widely used as an underlying asset in trading to operate through derivative products, such as Contracts for Difference (CFDs).
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Investing in the EuroStoxx 50 – What is this index?
What is the EuroStoxx 50 (EuStx50)? Is Euro Stoxx 50 a good investment? First, let’s answer what this index is. The EuroStoxx 50 is the European benchmark stock index that groups together the 50 largest companies in the Eurozone that are listed in euros.
These are considered ‘blue chips’, belonging to 19 different sectors, with banking being the one that has the most weight in its weighting. Several countries are represented in this index, with France, Germany, Italy and Spain leading the way. Its ticker is SX5E.
The European index is based on December 31, 1991, with 1,000 points, although it was created in 1998. It was jointly promoted by Dow Jones & Company, Deutsche Börse and Swiss Exchange, a joint venture under the Stoxx brand Limited. This brand is behind other indices such as the Stoxx Europe 50 or the Stoxx Europe 600.
The EuroStoxx 50 is weighted by market capitalization adjusted to the free float, that is, the most valuable and most liquid companies have more weight in the calculation of the index. However, there is a limitation: no company can have more than 10% weight in the index to avoid distortions. Its composition is reviewed once a year.
This index is widely used as an underlying for a wide range of investment products, such as ETFs (Exchange-Traded Funds), futures, options or derivative products such as CFDs (Contracts for Difference), throughout the world. Additionally, it is usually a reference asset for investment fund managers who often replicate the composition of the index in their portfolio.
Currently, the European index has a total capitalization of 2.41 billion euros as recorded on the official website Stoxx.com on March 4, 2020.
It’s worth mentioning that there is also a EuroStoxx index 30 (The EURO STOXX Select Dividend 30 Index), which offers investors a tool to follow 30 Eurozone stocks that offer a high dividend yield. This selection is determined by their historic yield of dividends. Its weighting is completed by the estimated dividend yield.
The basis of the EuroStoxx 30 is a part of the STOXX Global Select Dividend 100 index, which is an index composed of the stocks that offer the highest dividend yield worldwide.
These indexes are interesting for many traders, including those focused on dividends-yielding stocks. However, in this article, I’m going to focus solely on the Euro Stoxx 50 index.
Historic Changes in the EuroStoxx
A few years ago, the financial sector, like the IBEX35, had a lot of weight on the European index. However, in recent years there have been some EuroStoxx index changes – banks have been losing weight in favour of other sectors related to consumption and automobiles. Below, you can see the companies that make up the index as of November 20, 2020:
|ADIDAS (DE)||AHOLD DELHAIZE (NL)||AIR LIQUIDE (FR)||AIRBUS (FR)||ALLIANZ (FROM)|
|AMADEUS (ES)||ANHEUSER-BUSH (BE)||ASML HLDG (NL)||AXA (FR)||BASF (DE)|
|BAYER (FROM)||BBVA (ES)||BCO SANTANDER (ES)||BMW (DE)||BNP PARIBAS (FR)|
|CRH (IE)||DAIMLER (DE)||DANONE (FR)||DEUTSCHE BOERSE (DE)||DEUTSCHE POST (DE)|
|DEUTSCHE TELEKOM (DE)||ENEL (IT)||ENGIE (FR)||ENI (IT)||ESSILORLUXOTICA (FR)|
|FRESENIUS (DE)||GRP SG (FR)||IBERDROLA (ES)||INDITEX (ES)||ING GRP (NL)|
|INTESA SANPAOLO (IT)||KERING (FR)||L’OREAL (FR)||LINDE (FROM)||LVMH (FR)|
|MUENCHENER RUECK (DE)||NOKIA (FI)||ORANGE (FR)||PHILIPS (NL)||SAFRAN (FR)|
|SANOFI (FR)||SAP (DE)||SCHNEIDER ELECTRIC (FR)||SIEMENS (FROM)||TELEFÓNICA (ES)|
|TOTAL (FR)||UNILEVER (NL)||VINCI (FR)||VIVENDI (FR)||VOLKSWAGEN (DE)|
As we can see in the table, since the latest EuroStoxx index changes, Spain is represented by six companies in the European index: Telefónica, Iberdrola, Inditex, BBVA, Banco Santander and Amadeus. However, none of them are in the ‘top 10’ by capitalization.
France is the country with the highest weight in the index, with a total of 18 companies, followed by Germany, with 15 companies. The Netherlands, despite having one less company than Spain in the index, has greater weight by capitalization.
If we make a ranking of the five companies with the highest capitalization of the European index, France continues to win since the list is headed by LVMH, whose capitalization is already close to 200,000 million euros. The luxury brand is followed by L’oreal, SAP, Sanofi-Synthelabo and ASML.
Are you wondering, at what time does the Euro Stoxx 50 close? The trading hours for EuroStoxx 50 index begin at 09:05 GMT+2 and end at 22:55 GMT+2.
Let’s look at the EuroStoxx 50 index history. It reached its all-time high to date at the height of the economic boom in Europe in 2007 when it hit 4,500 points. With the outbreak of the financial crisis, like the main stock market indices in the world, it suffered a harsh punishment from which it did not begin to recover until March 2009.
One method of analysis of this index entails looking at the EuroStoxx 50 gross return index. However, here I’m going to analyze this index with its price charts. From March 2009, it has recovered ground little by little, testing the resistance at 3,900 points twice, as we see in the graph below:
Source: Investing. EuroStoxx 50 monthly chart. Data range: August, 2003, to March, 2020. Prepared on March 5, 2020. Please note that past performance is not a guarantee of future performance.
Let’s take a closer look at our EuroStoxx index historical data. We’ll now stop at the price of the European index over the past nine years. As we can see in the graph below, throughout this period we can distinguish three cycles.
Source: Admiral Markets MetaTrader 5 Supreme Edition. EuroStoxx 50 weekly chart. Data range: March 27, 2011, to March 1, 2020. Prepared on March 5, 2020. Please note that past performance is not a guarantee of future performance.
On the left side of the graph, we see how, in September 2011, the European index started an upward path that lasted until April 2015, when it reached its highest for that period, at 3,819 points. Over the next year, however, the index posted decreasing highs and lows.
In the central part of the graph we see a lateral trend between February 2017, and August 2018, that broke with a downtrend to 2,985 points. Since then, in December 2018, the European index started coming back and managed to surpass its all-time high at the beginning of 2020 by touching 3,841 points.
The crisis caused by the spread of the coronavirus, however, interrupted this good streak and, as we see, at the end of February it fell vertically, dragged by the general losses in global markets due to the fear of the pandemic and its repercussion on the macroeconomic data.
The European index – Prospectives for 2021
Since mid-2019, the European index has been in an upward channel sustained by the slight improvement in macroeconomic data, coinciding, for example, with the certainty that Germany had not entered a recession as was feared at the beginning of the summer of that year.
Despite the slowdown announced by the various international organizations, the truth is that the European economy was in good health. Until the outbreak of the coronavirus crisis.
Let’s see how the emergence of the virus in China and its subsequent arrival in Europe has affected the benchmark of the Eurozone.
Source: Admiral Markets MetaTrader 5 Supreme Edition. EuroStoxx 50 daily chart. Data range: March 5, 2019, to March 5, 2020. Prepared on March 5, 2020. Please note that past performance is not a guarantee of future performance.
On February 24, the price breaks the lower part of the channel and collapses in the following days until breaking the important support of 3,400 points. In subsequent sessions, the index remains between 3,300 and 3,400 points without confirming a clear trend.
Although the specific impact of the virus on economies cannot be quantified, international organizations have already begun to cut their prospects for this year, so it will be necessary to closely monitor the evolution of the stock markets to make decisions.
If you need training for safer trading, Admiral Markets UK Ltd offers free trading webinars for all levels.
Correlation with other indices
The exclusive Supreme Edition plugin for MetaTrader 5 offered by Admiral Markets includes a very useful tool called Correlation Matrix. This tool shows the correlation between two assets, whether they are indices, currency pairs, or commodities. In this case, we’re going to see the correlation of the EuroStoxx 50 with the main European and Wall Street indices:
Source: Admiral Markets MetaTrader 5 Supreme Edition. Elaboration date: March 5, 2020.
The image shows us how the French CAC 40 and the EuroStoxx 50 are very closely correlated with a +100 Red. This doesn’t sound strange considering that the European index has a majority of French companies.
It also has a high correlation with the rest of the indices, with the sole exception of London’s FTSE 100, with which it has an average correlation of +55 Orange.
Is Euro Stoxx 50 a Good Investment?
An investment in the EURO STOXX 50 can be a wise investment option for someone interested in buying and holding onto their investment for a longer period of time. For those of you that are interested in the fun part – finally making your investment – I’ll now present to you how to invest in the European index.
How to Invest in the European Index With Admiral Markets
With Admiral Markets, you can invest in the European index through Contracts for Difference (CFDs), which also allows you to trade short. If you already have an open account and want to open CFD positions on the European index in your MetaTrader, just follow these steps:
- Go to the ‘View’ tab and click on ‘Market Observation’
- Search for EuroStoxx 50 (STOXX50) under ‘Symbol’
- If it doesn’t appear, you can write it in the last line
- Double click on the symbol
- All the parameters necessary to open the position will appear in the pop-up window
- Click on ‘Sell’ or ‘Buy’ according to your interests
You now have your open position on the STOXX50 CFD!
EuroStoxx CFD Conditions
In the section ‘Contract specifications’ that appears on the Admiral Markets website, you can consult all the conditions of the operation with a STOXX50 CFD. The most important aspects to take into account are the following:
- Typical spread: 1.3 pips
- Minimum contract size: 0.1 lots
- Maximum contract size: 50 lots
- Minimum margin retained: 0.25% (retail 2.5)
- No opening fees
If you click on the following banner, you’ll find all the information about the types of Admiral Markets accounts and the conditions of each one of them:
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